About Us
Currency
Money & Capital Markets-Updated RGSM data for June 2016
Payments Systems
Financial Institutions
News & Views
Public Education and Awareness Programmes-Updates on Financial Information Month in October and new Anansi Short Stories
Community Outreach Programmes
Publications-New Issues of Publications and ECCB Working Papers Series
Statistics - New Quarterly Tourism Data from 2001 to 2010,  New Annual Tourism from 2001 - 2009 and New Annual CPI from 2001 - 2010
Links
Contact Us
Youtube Link
Quick Links September and October Editions of 2015 Savings and Investment Newsletter is now available Commission on Pension and Pension Administration Reform The ECCB 2015/2016 Annual Report The 2013 ECCU Economic Review Links to IMF papers-NEW working paper "Caribbean Bananas: The Macroeconomic Impact of Trade Preference Erosion" updated 22 March 2010 ECCB Working Papers Series OECS/ECCU Virtual Exhibition Centre Speeches News Releases Public Expenditure Review Commission ECCB Employment Application Form
Vacancy
ECSE - Manager Administration Division
View
ECCB Statement:
2017 Common Policies Report Read

The New Banking Act
Read
Statistical Information
RGSM Auction Results
as at May 2017
- view

Expression of Interest: Government of Montserrat Economic Growth Strategy 2016 - View

  Please read our disclaimer

 


ECCB Home Page Photo Gallery ECCB Contact   ECCB Meetings Calendar ECCB Search Engine
 
Frequently Asked Questions
The Central Bank
The Central Bank
Bank Supervision
Currency Management
Working at the Bank
RGSM


Can I save money with or obtain a loan from Central Bank?
How does the Central bank act as a Clearing House?
Who are the Bank's former Governors and Deputy Governors?
How long has ECCB existed?
What is the governance structure of the Central Bank?
Who designed the ECCB logo and what is the significance of the colours used in the design?
What is the difference between Monetary and Fiscal Policy?
Does the ECCB have offices in each member territory?
What publications are produced by the Central Bank and where are they made available to the public?
Are the ECHMB, ECSM, RGSM, ECUT and ECEF part of the Central Bank?
What is the difference between a Treasury Bill and a Government Bond?



Can I save money with or obtain a loan from the Central Bank?

No.Individuals wishing to save or borrow money should contact any of the licensed financial institutions.

The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank does not accept deposits or make loans to private individuals. As banker to governments, the Central Bank provides deposit and borrowing facilities to participating governments. The governments maintain accounts with the Central Bank, which undertakes transactions on their behalf with other governments and with regional and international organisations. The Bank also gives technical advice to the governments on monetary and financial policy matters.

The Central Bank also functions as banker to commercial banks, and holds minimum cash balances and excess reserves of the commercial banks. The ECCB also provides a clearinghouse facility. top ^

How does the Central Bank act as a Clearing House?
The ECCB provides a clearinghouse facility where all banks meet daily to present cheques and offset claims and debts against each other. For example, you might have deposited a cheque from someone with an account at RBTT Bank into your Scotiabank account. When the officers from the different banks meet for the clearings Scotiabank returns the cheque to RBTT Bank, who in turn pays Scotiabank. The settlement takes place using the commercial banks accounts at ECCB, so no money actually changes hands. top ^


Who are the Bank’s former Governors and Deputy Governors?
The first Governor of the ECCB was Sir Cecil Jacobs (July 1983 to December 1989). He was succeeded by the current Governor, Sir K Dwight Venner. Mr Errol Allen was appointed Deputy Governor in 1983, when the Institution was upgraded from the East Caribbean Currency Authority (ECCA) to a Central Bank (the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank), and served until his retirement on 31 March 2005. He was succeeded by Mr Trevor Brathwaite, of Saint Lucia, who officially took office as the Bank’s second Deputy Governor on 3 April 2006. top ^


How long has the ECCB existed?
The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank came into being on October 1 1983, as successor to the East Caribbean Currency Authority, following the enactment of enabling legislation by the respective governments.

The Agreement to establish the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) was signed on July 5 1983 by the governments of Antigua and Barbuda, The Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, and St Vincent and the Grenadines. Anguilla acceded to the Act on 1 April 1987.

At the time of writing, the ECCB is one of only four multi-state central banks in the world. top ^

What is the governance structure of the Central Bank?
The Monetary Council is the highest decision-making body in the institution to which the management of the Bank is ultimately responsible.

Article 7(2) establishes that the Council shall meet not less than twice each year to receive from the Governor the Bank’s report on monetary and credit conditions and to provide directives and guidelines on matters of monetary and credit policy.

The Council has agreed to meet three times for the year in January or February, July and October.

The Council’s specific decision-making functions are outlined as follows:

Article 17 (2) - declaration of the external value of the currency,
Article 24 (3) - the external reserve backing of the currency,
Article (33) - the maintenance of required reserves, and
Article (34) - interest rate and credit ceilings.

The Board of Directors is responsible for policy and general administration of the Bank. All major decisions must first be approved by the Board before they are presented to the Council.

The Board comprises the Governor, Deputy Governor and one Director appointed by each of the participating governments. The Governor functions as Chairman of the Board. top ^

Who designed the ECCB logo and what is the significance of the colours used in the design?
The logo of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank was designed by Mr Dennis Richards of St. Kitts/Nevis on June 27, 1984. In June 1992, Miss Marijka Grey of St Kitts/Nevis reproduced a coloured version of the logo with the colours blue, green and yellow.

The logo consists of a blue circle bordered with a narrow yellow strip both on the inner and outer rims of the circle. The words Eastern Caribbean Central Bank are inscribed in yellow lettering on the blue circle. This circle frames two green laurels interspersed with splashes of yellow encasing the letters ECCB, also written in yellow and resting on a white background.

White - The purity of aspiration of the peoples of the sub-region and the sand which frames the lovely waters of the Region.

Blue - The azure colour epitomizes the comely and breathtaking beaches/waters and clear skies of which this Region boasts.

Yellow - The goldish yellow embodies the warmth of the people and the radiant sunshine.

Green - The green symbolises the lush vegetation and verdant fields and forests of the islands.

The combination of colours clearly illustrates the two major economic activities for which the islands are known, to wit, Agriculture and Tourism.

Laurels - These evergreen shrubs are symbolic of the honour which the Central Bank seeks to bring to the sub-region as it grapples with the challenges encountered along the path to the achievements of balanced growth and developments. top ^


What is the difference between Monetary and Fiscal Policy?
Monetary policy refers to the actions undertaken by a central bank to influence the availability of money and credit to help promote national economic objectives of growth, employment and stable prices. Under the terms of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank Agreement Act 1983, the Monetary Council has responsibility to provide directives and guidelines on matters of monetary and credit policy to the Bank (Article 7.2).

Fiscal Policy is the term used to characterise measures taken by a government to influence an economy. These decisions involve mainly government's use of expenditure and taxation policies to bring about desired macroeconomic objectives. top ^


Does the ECCB have offices in each member territory?
The ECCB is headquartered in St Kitts and has Agency Offices in each member territory, staffed by a Resident Representative and a secretary. The Agency Offices are responsible for performing the following operations:

• Management of the clearing arrangements
• Foreign Exchange
• Issue and redemption of currency
• Monitoring developments in the member territories
• Transmitting information to the Bank on developments in the territory
• Monitoring the implementation of the policy directives from the Bank. top ^

What publications are produced by the Central Bank and where are they made available to the public?
The ECCB produces annual and quarterly publications, namely:
The Annual Report
The Balance of Payments (annual)
The Annual Financial Statistics Yearbook
National Accounts (annual)
The Economic and Financial Review (quarterly)
Commercial Bank Statictics (quarterly)

They are available by subscription from our website, or by writing directly to:
Director
Research Department
Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
P O Box 89
Bird Rock
Basseterre
St Kitts
West Indies

The Annual Report and Commercial Bank Statistics are free of charge. top ^

Are the ECHMB, ECSM, RGSM, ECUT and ECEF part of the Central Bank?
No. They are the markets and initiatives created by the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank under its programmes of Money and Capital Markets Development.  top ^

What is the difference between a Treasury Bill and a Government Bond?
Treasury bills commonly referred to as T-bills, are debt instruments issued by governments. They can basically be described as short-term loans to the issuer, issued for a term of one year or less.

Bonds
Like treasury bills, bonds are debt instruments; however they are long-term instruments, issued for a period of five to thirty years, by both companies and governments. Bonds issued by governments are called treasury bonds, while those issued by companies are called corporate bonds.  top ^

 



                                                                                               Site developed by Netkn | WebLink
                                                                                                              ECCB  © copyright 2016