Section 18(1) of the ECCB Agreement 1983 gives the ECCB the sole right to issue currency notes and coins in the territories of the participating governments.
Currency is put into circulation by issue to commercial banks, based on the demand for currency by the public. Demand is influenced by a number of factors, which include seasonal patterns of consumer spending, for example carnival and Christmas.
As at 31 March 2015, currency in circulation amounted to $880.17m.
Counterfeits have no value and the Central Bank is therefore not responsible for reimbursement of counterfeit notes. The ECCB only has a legal responsibility for the currency it issues, which is the legal tender of the participating territories.
You should immediately present the note to a Commercial Bank clearly identifying it as a suspect note or contact the nearest police station or the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) Agency Office in one of our member territories or the Currency Management Department at ECCB’s headquarters in St. Kitts at (869) 465-2537. If possible, you should provide information about the person from whom the note was received.
The ECCB issues currency only to commercial banks and approved international financial institutions.
A mutilated note is one that is in such a condition that the value is questionable and warrants special examination to determine its value. Such a note may be exchanged at ECCB’s headquarters, ECCB’s Agency Offices or commercial banks, at partial or full value, provided that it satisfies certain conditions.
The EC dollar has been fixed to the US dollar at a rate of EC$2.70 to US$1.00 since 7 July 1976. Prior to this the EC currency was fixed to the pound sterling at an exchange rate of EC$4.80 to £1.00. However, following the sterling’s depreciation (decline in value) in the 1970’s and the emergence of the United States as the region’s major trading partner, the decision was made to shift the peg to the US dollar. Any decision to alter the peg of the EC currency rests with the Monetary Council, the highest decision making body of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB).
Treasury bills commonly referred to as T-bills, are debt instruments issued by governments. They can basically be described as short-term loans to the issuer, issued for a term of one year or less.
Like treasury bills, bonds are debt instruments; however they are long-term instruments, issued for a period of five to thirty years, by both companies and governments. Bonds issued by governments are called treasury bonds, while those issued by companies are called corporate bonds.
No. They are the markets and initiatives created by the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank under its programmes of Money and Capital Markets Development.
The ECCB produces annual and quarterly publications, namely:
They are available by subscription from our website, or by writing directly to:
Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
P O Box 89
The Annual Report and Commercial Bank Statistics are free of charge.
The ECCB is headquartered in St Kitts and has Agency Offices in each member territory, staffed by a Resident Representative and an Administrative Professional. The Agency Offices are responsible for performing the following operations:
Monetary policy refers to the actions undertaken by a central bank to influence the availability of money and credit to help promote national economic objectives of growth, employment and stable prices. Under the terms of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank Agreement Act 1983, the Monetary Council has responsibility to provide directives and guidelines on matters of monetary and credit policy to the Bank (Article 7.2).
Fiscal Policy is the term used to characterise measures taken by a government to influence an economy. These decisions involve mainly government's use of expenditure and taxation policies to bring about desired macroeconomic objectives
The logo of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank was designed by Mr Dennis Richards of St. Kitts/Nevis on June 27, 1984. In June 1992, Miss Marijka Grey of St Kitts/Nevis reproduced a coloured version of the logo with the colours blue, green and yellow.
The logo consists of a blue circle bordered with a narrow yellow strip both on the inner and outer rims of the circle. The words Eastern Caribbean Central Bank are inscribed in yellow lettering on the blue circle. This circle frames two green laurels interspersed with splashes of yellow encasing the letters ECCB, also written in yellow and resting on a white background.
White - The purity of aspiration of the peoples of the sub-region and the sand which frames the lovely waters of the Region.
Blue - The azure colour epitomizes the comely and breath taking beaches/waters and clear skies of which this Region boasts.
Yellow - The goldish yellow embodies the warmth of the people and the radiant sunshine.
Green - The green symbolises the lush vegetation and verdant fields and forests of the islands.
The combination of colours clearly illustrates the two major economic activities for which the islands are known, to wit, Agriculture and Tourism.
Laurels - These evergreen shrubs are symbolic of the honour which the Central Bank seeks to bring to the sub-region as it grapples with the challenges encountered along the path to the achievements of balanced growth and developments.
The Monetary Council is the highest decision-making body in the institution to which the management of the Bank is ultimately responsible.
Article 7(2) establishes that the Council shall meet not less than twice each year to receive from the Governor the Bank’s report on monetary and credit conditions and to provide directives and guidelines on matters of monetary and credit policy.
The Council has agreed to meet three times for the year in January or February, July and October.
The Council’s specific decision-making functions are outlined as follows:
Article 17 (2) - declaration of the external value of the currency,
Article 24 (3) - the external reserve backing of the currency,
Article (33) - the maintenance of required reserves, and
Article (34) - interest rate and credit ceilings.
The Board of Directors is responsible for policy and general administration of the Bank. All major decisions must first be approved by the Board before they are presented to the Council.
The Board comprises the Governor, Deputy Governor and one Director appointed by each of the participating governments. The Governor functions as Chairman of the Board.
The Agreement to establish the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) was signed on July 5 1983 by the governments of Antigua and Barbuda, The Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, and St Vincent and the Grenadines. Anguilla acceded to the Act on 1 April 1987.
At the time of writing, the ECCB is one of only four multi-state central banks in the world.